Types of Mental Health Treatments - PsychGuides.com (2023)

Types of Mental Health Treatments - PsychGuides.com (1) Mental illness treatment can take place in a variety of settings and typically involves a multidisciplinary team of providers such as counselors, psychologists, psychiatrists, nurses, mental health aides, and peer support professionals.

There is no one-size-fits-all approach to mental health treatment. Treatment should instead be tailored to the individual. Mental health problems can vary greatly from person to person, even among those with the same mental health diagnosis.1

This article will discuss mental health treatment options, including:

  • Psychiatric hospitalization.
  • Inpatient or residential mental health treatment.
  • Outpatient mental health treatment.
  • Dual diagnosis treatment.
  • Psychotherapy.
  • Medication.
  • 12-step programs and support groups.
  • Complementary and alternative treatments.
  • How to find a recovery program.

Psychiatric Hospitalization

Psychiatric hospitalization occurs when a person is admitted to a:

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  • Private psychiatric hospital.
  • Medical hospital with a psychiatric floor.
  • State psychiatric hospital. 4

Psychiatric hospitalization treatment typically consists of stabilization, close monitoring, medication, administration of fluids and nutrition, and other necessary emergency care. 4

People may be voluntarily or involuntarily hospitalized. A person may be involuntarily hospitalized when they either are gravely disabled or are a danger to themselves or others.4

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A person is a candidate for psychiatric hospitalization when they have:

  • Severe mental health symptoms.
  • Hallucinations or delusions.
  • Suicidal or homicidal ideation.
  • Not slept or eaten for days.
  • Lost the ability to care for themselves due to mental health symptoms.

Inpatient or Residential Mental Health Treatment

Types of Mental Health Treatments - PsychGuides.com (2) Inpatient treatment, also referred to as residential mental health treatment, takes place in a residential facility on a 24/7 basis. This level of care is best suited for those who need constant medical supervision as well as those with relatively severe, long-term symptoms who have not shown significant progress after outpatient mental health intervention.

Mental illness treatment at an inpatient facility typically consists of the following types of treatment:

  • Individual psychotherapy/counseling
  • Group therapy
  • Medication
  • Medical supervision
  • Recreational therapies
  • Complementary therapies (e.g., yoga or meditation)

Some treatment centers may also offer luxury and executive options. In addition to the types of treatment listed above, these centers may include:

  • Private rooms.
  • Gourmet meals.
  • Massage and spa treatment.
  • Fitness centers.
  • Swimming pools.
  • Other luxury or executive amenities such as computers, Internet access, and workspaces.

Do you need help finding a mental health treatment program? Call today.

Outpatient Mental Health Treatment

Outpatient mental health treatment does not require participants to live at the treatment center. Instead, participants visit the treatment center or therapist’s office on certain days of the week.

Outpatient mental illness treatment is best suited for those with:

  • Mild to moderate symptoms.
  • A solid support system.
  • The ability to function outside of the treatment environment.

Many different types of mental health treatment options are offered on an outpatient basis. These include:

  • Individual therapy.
  • Group therapy.
  • Family therapy.
  • Support groups.
  • Intensive outpatient care.
  • Partial hospitalization.
  • Psychiatric medications and outpatient medical management.

Dual Diagnosis Treatment

Dual diagnosis treatment offers comprehensive mental health services for those struggling with both a mental health condition and an addiction or substance use disorder. Dual diagnosis treatment addresses and treats both conditions simultaneously.

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Both disorders need to be simultaneously treated to maximize the chances of a full recovery. For example, if an addicted person has a co-occurring anxiety disorder, they may relapse to self-medicate the unmanaged anxiety. Treating the underlying mental health conditions and traumas that contribute to the addiction can help prevent relapse and maintain sobriety in the long-term.

Psychotherapy

Types of Mental Health Treatments - PsychGuides.com (3) Psychotherapy (talk therapy) has effectively treated a wide range of mental health conditions and is offered in both inpatient and outpatient settings. During talk therapy, a person or group discusses their issues with a therapist who can help them process their feelings and learn new coping skills.

There are many different types of psychotherapy available, such as:

  • Individual therapy: Individual therapy is a form of talk therapy where an individual works one on one with a therapist to address unresolved feelings, traumas, and mental health problems using a variety of different strategies and approaches. 2
  • Group therapy: Group therapy is typically led by a therapist and consists of a various number of participants. Group therapy is usually focused on specific topics that everyone in the group is working on. For example, a therapist may lead a group therapy session on anger management, postpartum depression, or suicide.
  • Family therapy: Family therapy is a form of psychotherapy where family members meet with a therapist to resolve issues. Family therapy is often conducted by a licensed marriage and family therapist (MFT) who specializes in family therapy.
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): Cognitive behavioral therapy is the most common psychotherapeutic approach. It can be used on the individual, group, or family level. CBT therapists help clients address unhealthy thoughts and behaviors by replacing them with realistic self-talk and constructive behaviors. 2
  • Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT): Dialectical behavior therapy is most commonly used to treat individuals suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD). But it has effectively treated other disorders. DBT emphasizes accepting and validating unhealthy thoughts, emotions, and behaviors and learning to find the balance between acceptance and change. 2
  • Interpersonal therapy: Interpersonal therapy helps people address problems in relationships and teaches new interpersonal and communication skills to improve the quality of relationships. This form of therapy may be used in couples counseling or with those with depression who have difficulty relating to others. 2
  • Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy (EMDR): EMDR is a form of therapy used to treat post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). During EMDR, the brain is stimulated with back-and-forth eye movements that help stimulate memories of traumatic events in order for them to be resolved. 2

If you’re ready to get help for a mental health or substance abuse problem, call today.

Medication

Medications can be used to treat the symptoms of mental illness. Medications are often used in combination with psychotherapy and are offered in both inpatient and outpatient mental health settings.

Medications used for mental health treatment include:3

  • Antidepressants: Antidepressants treat the symptoms of depression, but in some cases they may also be prescribed for anxiety or insomnia. Common types of antidepressants include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs).
  • Anti-anxiety medications: Anti-anxiety medications can help people who suffer from generalized anxiety, social anxiety, or panic attacks. Benzodiazepines are the most commonly prescribed short-acting anti-anxiety medications. However, these drugs are only meant to be used in the short-term, and long-term use can lead to dependence and addiction. For this reason, there are other non-habit forming anti-anxiety medications that may be prescribed in place of benzodiazepines.
  • Mood stabilizers: Mood stabilizers are commonly prescribed for people with bipolar disorder and related mood disorders to stabilize mood and prevent significant mood swings, mania, and depression.
  • Antipsychotics: Antipsychotics are typically prescribed to treat schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders , and may sometimes be prescribed to individuals with bipolar disorder who are exhibiting psychotic symptoms (often during a manic episode).

12-Step Programs and Support Groups

In addition to psychotherapy and medications, there are many other types of mental health treatment options people may want to consider. Support groups and 12-step programs may be good complementary therapies for people who are undergoing psychotherapy and/or taking medication.

These groups are available for people dealing with a wide range of mental or behavioral health and substance abuse problems, including:

  • Alcohol abuse.
  • Drug abuse
  • Gambling, shopping, video gaming, and other behavioral addictions.
  • Anxiety and depression.
  • Eating disorders.

Twelve-step programs use an approach built on the 12 steps of Alcoholics Anonymous. Participants often work with a sponsor to complete the 12 steps, and the sponsor is available to help the person with other issues they may be struggling with during recovery, including cravings.

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Many programs have a spiritual component, but they do not require participants to be religious. Participants choose a “higher power” that they can use to help guide them through the recovery process. This higher power can be whatever the participant wants: God, music, or nature.

Though support groups and 12-step programs are free and beneficial, they do not provide medical supervision or offer professional therapy.

Complementary and Alternative Treatments

Types of Mental Health Treatments - PsychGuides.com (4)
Complementary and alternative mental health treatment options may be used in addition to traditional forms of treatment such as therapy and medication. Some of the most common types of complementary treatments include:

  • Yoga: Yoga is a form of exercise that focuses on connecting the mind and body through a series of movements and breathing exercises. Yoga helps improve physical strength and flexibility, and it provides many mental health benefits as well.
  • Meditation: Meditation can help relieve stress, anxiety, depression, and other mental health symptoms. Meditation techniques range from mindfulness-based meditation to guided meditation to simple breathing exercises.
  • Nutrition: Diet can affect mental health in many ways. By closely monitoring one’s diet, a person can help improve their overall mental health and well-being and alleviate some mental illness symptoms.
  • Exercise: Exercise is also an important component of mental health treatment. People suffering from mental health conditions should attempt to do some form of exercise for at least 30 minutes each day to decrease stress.
  • Equine therapy: Equine therapy is a form of therapy that uses horses to ease symptoms of many mental health conditions such as autism, anxiety, and ADHD.

Find a Recovery Program

If you or someone you love is struggling with mental illness, treatment is available. For more information on your recovery options, contact our recovery support team at .

Read next: Mental Health Problem Symptoms, Causes and Effects

Sources

[1]. National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI). Mental Health Treatment & Services.

[2]. National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI). Psychotherapy.

[3]. National Institute of Mental Health. (2016). Mental Health Medications.

[4]. National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI). Getting Treatment During a Crisis.

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FAQs

What are the 6 types of treatment for mental disorders? ›

Most mental health practitioners practice one of six types of psychotherapy:
  • Behavioral therapy.
  • Cognitive therapy.
  • Interpersonal therapy.
  • Psychoanalysis.
  • Psychodynamic psychotherapy.
  • Supportive psychotherapy.

What are 3 different types of treatments for most mental illness? ›

Mental Health Treatments
  • Psychotherapy. Psychotherapy is the therapeutic treatment of mental illness provided by a trained mental health professional. ...
  • Medication. Medication does not outright cure mental illness. ...
  • Hospitalization. ...
  • Support Group. ...
  • Complementary & Alternative Medicine. ...
  • Self Help Plan. ...
  • Peer Support.

What are the 5 types of mental health? ›

Below are the five most common mental health disorders in America and their related symptoms:
  • Anxiety Disorders. The most common category of mental health disorders in America impacts approximately 40 million adults 18 and older. ...
  • Mood Disorders. ...
  • Psychotic Disorders. ...
  • Dementia. ...
  • Eating disorders.
30 Jan 2020

What are the 4 types mental health? ›

mood disorders (such as depression or bipolar disorder) anxiety disorders. personality disorders. psychotic disorders (such as schizophrenia)

What are the 4 types of treatment? ›

Types of Treatment Methods
  • Targeted Therapies: A targeted therapy is designed to treat only the cancer cells and minimize damage to normal, healthy cells. ...
  • Chemotherapy: ...
  • Surgery: ...
  • Radiation Therapies: ...
  • Biological Therapy: ...
  • Hormonal Therapy:

What are the 7 types of mental health? ›

These specific mental illnesses typically fall into the seven categories of mental disorders.
  • Anxiety Disorders. Many people experience some anxiety in their lives, but they find that it comes and goes. ...
  • Mood Disorders. ...
  • Psychotic Disorders. ...
  • Eating Disorders. ...
  • Personality Disorders. ...
  • Dementia. ...
  • Autism.
6 Apr 2021

What are common treatments for mental health? ›

They include:
  • Psychotherapy or counseling. This also is called talk therapy. ...
  • Prescription medicine. ...
  • Support groups. ...
  • Other therapies. ...
  • ECT or other brain stimulation therapy. ...
  • Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy. ...
  • Hospital or residential treatment program.
7 Feb 2018

What are 4 possible treatments to mental disorders? ›

To help, here is a list of some of the more common types of medications used to treat the symptoms of mental illnesses.
  • Antidepressants. ...
  • Anti-anxiety medications. ...
  • Mood stabilizers. ...
  • Antipsychotic medications. ...
  • Long-acting injectable antipsychotics. ...
  • Psychotherapy. ...
  • Rehabilitation and skills training. ...
  • Support groups.

How many types of treatment are there? ›

Theoretically, there are three classifications of medical treatment: Curative – to cure a patient of an illness. Palliative – to relieve symptoms from an illness. Preventative – to avoid the onset of an illness.

What are the 10 types of mental health? ›

Many people also experience stigma, discrimination and violations of human rights.
  • Anxiety Disorders. ...
  • Depression. ...
  • Bipolar Disorder. ...
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) ...
  • Schizophrenia. ...
  • Eating Disorders. ...
  • Disruptive behaviour and dissocial disorders. ...
  • Neurodevelopmental disorders.
8 Jun 2022

What are the 3 most common types of mental health problems? ›

Of those, the three most common diagnoses are anxiety disorders, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These three conditions make up around 30 percent of all diagnoses of mental illness in America.

What are 10 mental health problems? ›

Types of mental health problems
  • Anger. Explains what anger is, and how to deal with it in a constructive and healthy way.
  • Anxiety and panic attacks. ...
  • Bipolar disorder. ...
  • Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) ...
  • Borderline personality disorder (BPD) ...
  • Depression. ...
  • Dissociation and dissociative disorders. ...
  • Eating problems.

What are the 6 concept of mental health? ›

The Ryff Scale is based on six factors: autonomy, environmental mastery, personal growth, positive relations with others, purpose in life, and self-acceptance. Higher total scores indicate higher psychological well-being.

What are the 2 most common mental health disorders? ›

Right now, nearly 10 million Americans are living with a serious mental disorder. The most common are anxiety disorders major depression and bipolar disorder.

What are 5 causes of mental health? ›

What causes mental health problems?
  • childhood abuse, trauma, or neglect.
  • social isolation or loneliness.
  • experiencing discrimination and stigma, including racism.
  • social disadvantage, poverty or debt.
  • bereavement (losing someone close to you)
  • severe or long-term stress.
  • having a long-term physical health condition.

What are the 5 types of therapy? ›

Approaches to psychotherapy fall into five broad categories:
  • Psychoanalysis and psychodynamic therapies. ...
  • Behavior therapy. ...
  • Cognitive therapy. ...
  • Humanistic therapy. ...
  • Integrative or holistic therapy.

What are the 5 phases of treatment? ›

Stage-Matched Care. Developed from the Trans-theoretical Model of Change1, the Stage of Change model includes five stages: pre-contemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and maintenance.

What is treatment with example? ›

treatment noun (DEALING WITH)

the way you deal with or behave towards someone or something: Peter gets special treatment because he knows the boss.

What are the 9 mental disorders? ›

9 common mental health disorders and how to recognize them
  • Depression. ...
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder. ...
  • Panic Disorder. ...
  • Schizophrenia. ...
  • Persistent Depressive Disorder. ...
  • Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. ...
  • Borderline Personality Disorder. ...
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.

What are the 8 categories of Mental Disorders? ›

What are some types of mental disorders?
  • Anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and phobias.
  • Depression, bipolar disorder, and other mood disorders.
  • Eating disorders.
  • Personality disorders.
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder.
  • Psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia.
30 May 2020

What are the 6 most common mental illnesses? ›

Common mental health problems
  • Depression.
  • Generalised anxiety disorder.
  • Panic disorder.
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder.
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder.
25 May 2011

Why is treatment for mental health important? ›

With appropriate treatment, people can manage their illness, overcome challenges, and lead productive lives. Treatment for mental illness is effective. Mental health services also are covered by most health plans—by law.

What is the most effective mental health treatment? ›

Psychotherapy investigates thoughts, sentiments, feelings, and behaviors and seeks to further improve a person's overall well-being. Psychotherapy combined with medication is the best method for advancing recovery. Various types of psychotherapy are available that include: Individual therapy.

What is the most widely used treatment for mental disorders? ›

There are several different types of drugs available to treat mental illnesses. Some of the most commonly used are antidepressants, anti-anxiety, antipsychotic, mood stabilizing, and stimulant medications.

What are the 8 phases of treatment? ›

But it is now being used in different therapeutic situations. EMDR is an eight-phase treatment method. History taking, client preparation, assessment, desensitization, installation, body scan, closure and reevaluation of treatment effect are the eight phases of this treatment which are briefly described.

What are the most commonly used forms of treatment? ›

Counseling and other behavioral therapies are the most commonly used forms of treatment.

What is the most serious type of mental disorder? ›

By all accounts, serious mental illnesses include “schizophrenia-spectrum disorders,” “severe bipolar disorder,” and “severe major depression” as specifically and narrowly defined in DSM. People with those disorders comprise the bulk of those with serious mental illness.

What are 3 known causes of mental disabilities? ›

Causes
  • Inherited traits. Mental illness is more common in people whose blood relatives also have a mental illness. ...
  • Environmental exposures before birth. Exposure to environmental stressors, inflammatory conditions, toxins, alcohol or drugs while in the womb can sometimes be linked to mental illness.
  • Brain chemistry.
8 Jun 2019

What are 5 risk factors for mental disorders? ›

Examples of risk factors include:
  • genetic predisposition.
  • homelessness and unemployment.
  • alcohol and other drug use.
  • discrimination and racial injustice.
  • family conflict or family disorganisation.
  • stressful life events.

What are 3 effects that mental illness has on a person's life? ›

Emotional Symptoms of Mental Health Problems

Changes in mood. Erratic thinking. Chronic anxiety.

What are 3 warning signs of a mental health disorder? ›

In adults and adolescents, warning signs of mental illness can include the following:
  • Excessive worrying or fear.
  • Feeling excessively sad or low.
  • Confused thinking or problems concentrating and learning.
  • Extreme mood changes, including uncontrollable “highs” or feelings of euphoria.

What is the biggest cause of mental illness? ›

The exact cause of most mental disorders is not known, but research suggests that a combination of factors, including heredity, biology, psychological trauma, and environmental stress, might be involved.

What are 5 strategies to improve mental health? ›

5 steps to mental wellbeing
  1. Connect with other people. Good relationships are important for your mental wellbeing. ...
  2. Be physically active. Being active is not only great for your physical health and fitness. ...
  3. Learn new skills. ...
  4. Give to others. ...
  5. Pay attention to the present moment (mindfulness)

What are 7 behaviors for improving mental health? ›

7 Habits that Encourage Good Mental Health
  • Get some rest! Sleep is vital, although the adorable puppy is optional. ...
  • Think positive thoughts! Try to start the day on a positive note! ...
  • Exercise and eat well. ...
  • Give yourself a break! ...
  • Pick up a hobby! ...
  • Be mindful! ...
  • Open up!

What are the 3 parts of mental health? ›

Mental health includes our emotional, psychological, and social well-being.

Can blood tests detect mental illness? ›

Mental health disorders including depression, schizophrenia, and anorexia show links to biological markers detected in routine blood tests, according to our new study of genetic, biochemical and psychiatric data from almost a million people.

What is the number one mental illness? ›

Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health concern in the United States. Over 40 million adults in the U.S. (19.1%) have an anxiety disorder. Meanwhile, approximately 7% of children aged 3-17 experience issues with anxiety each year. Most people develop symptoms before age 21.

What is the number one diagnosed mental disorder? ›

Anxiety Disorders: Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health condition in the US and can include OCD, panic attacks and phobias. It is estimated that 40 million adults have an anxiety disorder.

How do you treat mental illness without medication? ›

Most people use a combination of treatments to help meet their needs. Things like therapy, brain stimulation, supplements, and self-care are scientifically-backed as effective ways to reduce the symptoms of certain mental illnesses.

What is the root cause of mental illness? ›

Mental illness can be the direct result of any sort of brain damage or brain injury, whether this happened during the birthing process or as a result of some sort of physical injury. Brain damage has been shown to directly lead to mental health disorders such as OCD, depression, mania, PTSD, and psychosis.

What are the different types of mental health treatment? ›

They include:
  • Psychotherapy or counseling. This also is called talk therapy. ...
  • Prescription medicine. ...
  • Support groups. ...
  • Other therapies. ...
  • ECT or other brain stimulation therapy. ...
  • Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy. ...
  • Hospital or residential treatment program.
7 Feb 2018

What are the six categories of mental disorders? ›

What are some types of mental disorders?
  • Anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and phobias.
  • Depression, bipolar disorder, and other mood disorders.
  • Eating disorders.
  • Personality disorders.
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder.
  • Psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia.
30 May 2020

What are the 6 key areas of mental health? ›

The Ryff Scale is based on six factors: autonomy, environmental mastery, personal growth, positive relations with others, purpose in life, and self-acceptance. Higher total scores indicate higher psychological well-being.

What is the best method of treatment for mental illness? ›

Psychotherapy investigates thoughts, sentiments, feelings, and behaviors and seeks to further improve a person's overall well-being. Psychotherapy combined with medication is the best method for advancing recovery. Various types of psychotherapy are available that include: Individual therapy.

What are 5 ways to improve mental health? ›

5 steps to mental wellbeing
  1. Connect with other people. Good relationships are important for your mental wellbeing. ...
  2. Be physically active. Being active is not only great for your physical health and fitness. ...
  3. Learn new skills. ...
  4. Give to others. ...
  5. Pay attention to the present moment (mindfulness)

What are the top 3 most common mental illnesses? ›

The most common are anxiety disorders major depression and bipolar disorder.

What's the most common mental disorder? ›

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), roughly 1 in every 5 Americans is currently living with a mental illness. Of those, the three most common diagnoses are anxiety disorders, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

What is the 10 importance of mental health? ›

Poor mental health makes us more vulnerable to certain physical health problems, such as heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. Nurturing our mental health can also help prevent the development of mental illnesses. Good mental health helps us have a more positive outlook and enjoy our lives more.

What are the 7 listed ways to maintain positive mental health? ›

About Self-Care
  • Get regular exercise. Just 30 minutes of walking every day can help boost your mood and improve your health. ...
  • Eat healthy, regular meals and stay hydrated. ...
  • Make sleep a priority. ...
  • Try a relaxing activity. ...
  • Set goals and priorities. ...
  • Practice gratitude. ...
  • Focus on positivity. ...
  • Stay connected.

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