DSM-5 Self-Test for Depressive Disorder Types | Solara Mental Health (2023)

Contents
  1. Depression Self-Test
  2. What is MDD?
  3. MDD Diagnostic Criteria
  4. MDD Sub-Types
  5. MDD w/ Psychotic Features
  6. Dysthymia
  7. Seasonal Affective Disorder
  8. Atypical Depression
  9. Catatonia
  10. Melancholy
  11. Anxious Distress
  12. Sadness vs Depression
  13. How to Get Help

Did you know depressive disorder affects over 16.1 million Americans or 6.7 percent of the adult population?

Depression, often known as clinical depression or major depressive disorder, is a widespread and severe mood illness that affects millions of people every year.

A doctor’s diagnosis involves 5 or more symptoms, as shown in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).

Do you want to know how to self-test for different sorts of depressive disorders? Then give serious thought to learning about psychiatric disorders according to the DSM-5.

This test should be used as an educational tool. It is not a replacement for a proper diagnosis of any mental health disorder. If you are experiencing mental health issues, please contact a professional as soon as you can. If you are having thoughts of suicide, please call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-8255.

What Is Major Depressive Disorder?

Depression, often known as clinical depression or Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), is a very common, widespread, and dangerous mood illness.

So how do you feel if you are depressed? People suffering from depression are plagued by constant emotions of melancholy and feel hopeless. As a result, these people tend to lose interest in activities that they used to find enjoyable.

Apart from the emotional issues that might arise due to depression, people may also have physical symptoms. These symptoms being persistent pain or digestive disorders. To diagnose depression, depressive symptoms must be present for at least 2 weeks.

DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria for Depression

According to the DSM-5, you must meet the following criteria to establish a diagnosis of depression. During the same 2-week period, the person must have 5 or more symptoms, at least one of which is depressive mood or loss of feeling pleasure or interest.

DSM-5 symptom criteria for Major Depressive Disorder include:

  • A depressed mood all the time
  • Minimal interest or pleasure in activities most of the time
  • Significant fluctuation in weight, either loss or gain
  • A decrease in bodily activity and a slowing down of thinking are two effects
  • Almost every day, experiencing fatigue or a lack of energy
  • Constantly feeling guilty or worthless
  • Lack of focus in your thoughts and lack of concentration
  • Suicidal thoughts
(Video) Major Depressive Disorders in the DSM 5 TR

These symptoms must cause the person clinical harm or distress in social, vocational, or other key areas of functioning for diagnosis of depression. It is also necessary that the symptoms are not a consequence of drug misuse or another medical issue.

The Sub-Types of Major Depressive Disorder

There are many types of major depressive disorders. Let’s look at them:

Major Depressive Disorder with Psychotic Features

Depressive disease with psychotic symptoms, such as major depressive disorder, is a separate depressive illness. In this type of MDD, you associate mood instability with either delusion, hallucination, or a combination of the two. About 18.5 percent of people with MDD have psychotic symptoms. In addition, the frequency of MDD with psychotic characteristics increases with age.

Persistent Depressive Disorder

Persistent depressive disorder, also known as dysthymia. This is a form of depression that lasts for an extended period of time. As a result, you may feel unmotivated in your typical daily activities.

Also, you may feel despondent, be unproductive, have low levels of self-esteem, and have a general sense of inadequacy. These sentiments in persistent depressive disorder can linger for years and can have a substantial impact on your partnerships, schooling, and other daily activities, among other things.

Seasonal Affective Disorder

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression that comes and goes in a seasonal pattern.

Known as seasonal affective disorder (SAD), it is a form of depression that manifests itself in a predictable seasonal rhythm. It is also known as the ‘winter depression.’

Some people suffering from SAD may suffer from symptoms during the summer and recover during the winter.

There are many symptoms when you suffer from SAD. You can suffer from some or all of the below symptoms of SAD.

Symptoms of Seasonal Affective Disorder include:

  • Extreme sadness (major depression), Emptiness, emotional darkness, and hopelessness
  • A decrease in interest or pleasure in routine daily tasks
  • Being constantly irritable
  • Despair, remorse, and a sense of uselessness
  • Throughout the day, you may be feeling sluggish, low on energy, and tired
  • Sleeping for a longer period of time than usual and finding it difficult to get out of bed in the morning
  • Carbohydrate cravings and weight gain

These symptoms can be extremely distressing for some people. It can also have a considerable impact on your normal day-to-day interactions and activities.

Atypical Depression

Depending on the circumstances, atypical depression may serve as a sub-type for either severe depression or dysthymic illness. People who suffer from atypical depression often encounter depression for the first time at a young age. This is typical during their adolescent years.

Mood reactivity is one of the major differences between atypical and melancholic depression. If something good occurs, the individual with atypical depression mood improves. Positive changes seldom cause a mood shift in melancholic depression.

You must accompany mood reactivity with two of the following symptoms:

  • Excessive sleeping
  • Weight gain or an increase in appetite
  • Having a stronger response to rejection or being more sensitive to rejection, which may lead to difficulties in relationships
  • Having the sensation of having a burden, being immobile, or bogged down

Despite its name, atypical depression is very widespread.

(Video) Types of depression and bipolar disorder in the DSM5 | Mental health | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy

Depressive Episodes With Catatonia

Occasionally, depression is coupled with catatonia.

What is catatonia? Catatonia is a state in which a person does not react to their environment. In other words, catatonic depression is a form of depression marked by the inability to speak or the appearance of being in a stupor for an extended length of time.

The most common symptoms associated with catatonia are mutism (not speaking) and stupor (the state of being in a daze).

To have a diagnosis of depressive episodes with catatonia, a person must suffer from at least 3 of 12 symptoms.

Symptoms of Depressive Episodes of Catatonia include:

  • Restlessness, being in an agitated state, or anxious
  • Echolalia is the mindless repeating of another person's words
  • Catalepsy or known as being in a trance-like condition
  • Echopraxia, or the senseless repeating of another person's motions
  • The prolonged use of a stiff or unnatural pose
  • Grimacing or creating a face that appears pained
  • Stereotypy, or repetitive motions like swaying or repeatedly crossing and uncrossing legs
  • Sudden apathy to stimuli, such as when people speak to the person
  • Mutism, or failure to communicate
  • Negativism, or the practice of adopting actions that are opposed to their feelings
  • Wavy flexibility refers to a state in which an individual does not react to instructions and maintains an immobile posture
  • Peculiar mannerisms, such as atypical speaking habits, body movements, or gazing

A person suffering from catatonic depression is likely to have typical depression symptoms as well. These can be as feeling down or depressed. They may also experience a feeling of despair.

Depression With Melancholic Features

According to the DSM-5, Melancholic Depression is sometimes referred to as MDD with melancholic features, and it was formerly referred to as “endogenous depression.”

It is a subset of depression marked by a significant loss of enjoyment and several physical symptoms that manifest themselves.

Melancholic depression is characterized by symptoms such as:

  • Insomnia or sleeplessness
  • Weight loss
  • Abnormalities in psychomotor function

Interestingly enough, the DSM-5 specifier “with melancholy characteristics” is also used to diagnose bipolar disorder.

Depression With Anxious Distress

Anxiety is widespread among people suffering from depression.

To be classified as anxious distress, at least two of the following symptoms must be present:

  • Feeling a little pumped up or tense
  • Experiencing abnormal restlessness
  • Worry is causing you to have difficulty focusing
  • An apprehension that something terrible will happen
  • A feeling of being on the verge of losing control

Anxiety is widespread among people suffering from depression.

To be classified as anxious distress, at least two of the following symptoms must be present:

  • Having two symptoms denotes mild anxious distress
  • Three symptoms denote moderate
  • Four or five denotes a moderate to severe stage
  • More than 5 denotes severe anxious distress

Extremely high depression and anxiety are linked with a higher risk of suicide, a longer duration of disease, and a larger chance of not responding to treatment.

(Video) Major Depressive Disorder | DSM-5 Diagnosis, Symptoms and Treatment

Associated Repercussions of Suffering from MDD

Unfortunately, MDD is linked with a high death rate, with suicide accounting for a large proportion of that rate. Consequently, if you suspect someone close to you is suffering from depression, it is critical to be aware of suicidal signs and to treat suicidal comments very seriously.

If you notice any of these suicidal signs in someone who is depressed, urge them to get help from a health professional right away.

Individuals who are depressed also exhibit impatience, brooding, and compulsive thinking, anxiety, fears, excessive concern about their physical condition, and complaints of pain, among other symptoms.

What is the Difference Between Feeling Sad and Depression?

What exactly is the distinction between sadness and depression? Given that the main symptom linked with depression is sadness, it may be difficult to distinguish between the two types of mental disorders.

Feeling Depressed

However, depression is more than just being depressed, and it is not defined only by the degree to which one is depressed. Although the degree to which a person is depressed is not significant, a variety of factors, including the length of these bad emotions, additional symptoms, the physical impact on the individual, and the influence on their ability to function in everyday life, may make a significant difference.

There is no trigger required when it comes to depression. If you are suffering from depression, you can feel depressed or hopeless about anything at any time. A person may have every reason on earth to be joyful, yet they cannot feel such emotions.

While depression is linked with significant disturbance of regular eating and sleeping habits, it is also connected with a persistent inability to get out of bed throughout the day.

Finally, those suffering from severe MDD may have thoughts of self-harm, dying, or suicide, or they may have made plans to kill themselves.

Feeling Sadness

Every person will feel sadness at some time in their life. It is a natural emotion that we will all encounter. Sadness is normally a result of a specific situation, event, or even a person.

For example:

  • A job loss
  • The end of a relationship
  • The death of a relative or friend

Even though you may be depressed for a day or two after experiencing sadness, you will still be able to appreciate simple pleasures—for example, a meal, friends’ company, or even a simple TV show.

However, unlike when you are depressed, when you are sad by a happening, you can still go about your daily functions as you normally would.

As with depression, you may feel regret or remorse for action, but you will not be plagued by a lasting feeling of emptiness or guilt, as you would be with depression.

Finally, suicidal tendencies and self-harm do not come into play due to sadness in a non-depressive state.

How To Get Help

MDD is treatable! People suffering from MDD illness may be treated in the overwhelming majority of cases if they seek expert treatment.

Several conventional methods are successful, including:

  • Therapy treatment
  • Prescribed medication
  • Alternative treatment
  • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Severe depression may need a stay in a hospital or an outpatient treatment program until you start to feel better.

Most depressed individuals benefit from medication and counseling. Your doctor or psychiatrist may prescribe medications. The benefits of visiting a mental health expert are many.

(Video) Bipolar disorder (depression & mania) - causes, symptoms, treatment & pathology

Therapy Treatment

Psychotherapy is a word used to describe consulting with a mental health expert about your depression.

Depression may be so severe that hospitalization in an in-patient facility is required. This may be required if you can’t adequately care for yourself or a dependant.

Unstable moods may be stabilized with inpatient psychiatric therapy.

Some people can benefit from day therapy programs, as well. Symptoms can be kept under control with the help of these outpatient programs. In addition, these programs offer support and counseling to patients.

Different kinds of psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy, are helpful in the treatment of depression.

Prescribed Medication

Your doctor may prescribe some antidepressants to treat you for your MDD. There are many types of medicines available.

Patience is really a virtue here! You may likely need to try several different medications or combinations of medications before you find one helpful for you.

Consult your doctor or chemist about any potentially serious side effects.

Alternate Therapy

Alternatives to face-to-face depression treatment sessions are available and may be helpful for some individuals. Therapy may be delivered through computer software, online sessions, movies, or manuals. Programs may be therapist-led or completely self-directed.

Discuss these optional alternate therapy methods with your therapist before selecting one.

Transcranial Magnetic Treatment

Trying to treat MDD with antidepressant drugs may be frustrating and futile. When conventional medicines and therapy don’t work, it isn’t easy to know what to try next.

Transcranial magnetic treatment is a treatment that utilizes magnetic fields to activate brain cells to treat depression. TMS is used when other depression therapies have failed.

Don't Reach Rock Bottom, Take A Helping Hand!

If you or you think someone you love may be suffering from a depressive disorder, you should approach a mental health professional for help. They will use the DSM-5 criteria to confirm your diagnosis.

Obtaining assistance is critical to overcoming depression. It may be tough to keep a healthy outlook and the work needed to overcome depression on your own.

Why not contact us today? One of our compassionate and dedicated experts will take the time necessary to answer all of your questions and give you the help you need.

Sources

  1. Anxiety & Depression Association of America. (n.d.). Facts & Statistics: Anxiety and Depression Association of America, ADAA. Retrieved September 15, 2021, from https://adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/facts-statistics
  2. Wagner, G. S., McClintock, S. M., Rosenquist, P. B., McCall, W. V., & Kahn, D. A. (2011). Major depressive disorder with psychotic features may lead to misdiagnosis of dementia: a case report and review of the literature. Journal of psychiatric practice, 17(6), 432–438. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.pra.0000407968.57475.ab
  3. Mayo Clinic. (2018, December 08). Persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia). Retrieved September 16, 2021, from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/persistent-depressive-disorder/symptoms-causes/syc-20350929
  4. StatPearls. (2021, May 21). Catatonia. Retrieved September 16, 2021, from https://www.statpearls.com/ArticleLibrary/viewarticle/19014
(Video) Major Depressive Disorder | Clinical Presentation

FAQs

Is depression something you can self diagnose? ›

Alright, you get it: do not self diagnose your depression. Depression treatment is a staggeringly complicated space. Chances are, even if you do have a form of clinical depression, you'll need guidance to understand which kind you're suffering from.

What are 4 clinical characteristics of clinical depression? ›

Slowed thinking, speaking or body movements. Feelings of worthlessness or guilt, fixating on past failures or self-blame. Trouble thinking, concentrating, making decisions and remembering things. Frequent or recurrent thoughts of death, suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts or suicide.

What are the 10 types of mental disorders? ›

Many people also experience stigma, discrimination and violations of human rights.
  • Anxiety Disorders. ...
  • Depression. ...
  • Bipolar Disorder. ...
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) ...
  • Schizophrenia. ...
  • Eating Disorders. ...
  • Disruptive behaviour and dissocial disorders. ...
  • Neurodevelopmental disorders.
8 Jun 2022

Is there a test for MDD? ›

Your doctor may do a physical exam and ask questions about your health. In some cases, depression may be linked to an underlying physical health problem. Lab tests. For example, your doctor may do a blood test called a complete blood count or test your thyroid to make sure it's functioning properly.

Why you should not self diagnose? ›

Self-Diagnosis- Why You Shouldn't Do It

When individuals self-diagnosis psychological syndromes, they can miss a medical disease that contributes to their symptoms. With self diagnosis you also run the risk of being completely wrong about an illness you have, especially if the symptoms you are experiencing are common.

How accurate is self-diagnosis? ›

Unfortunately, a 2015 study published in the British Medical Journal found that these tools only report the correct diagnosis about 34 percent of the time.

What are the 7 forms of depression? ›

7 Common Types of Depression
  • Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) ...
  • Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD) ...
  • Bipolar Disorder. ...
  • Postpartum Depression (PPD) ...
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) ...
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) ...
  • Atypical Depression.

What are the 8 forms of depression? ›

8 types of depression: symptoms and treatments
  • Major depressive disorder.
  • Persistent depressive disorder.
  • Seasonal affective disorder.
  • Postpartum depression.
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
  • Psychotic depression.
  • Bipolar disorder.
  • Atypical depression.

What are the 5 forms of depression? ›

Depression is a medical condition that affects your mood and ability to function. Depression types include clinical depression, bipolar depression, dysthymia, seasonal affective disorder and others. Treatment options range from counseling to medications to brain stimulation and complementary therapies.

What are the 20 types of mental disorders? ›

Contents
  • 1 Anxiety disorders.
  • 2 Dissociative disorders.
  • 3 Mood disorders. 3.1 Depressive disorders. ...
  • 4 Trauma and stressor related disorders.
  • 5 Neuro-developmental disorders.
  • 6 Sleep-wake disorders. 6.1 Parasomnias. ...
  • 7 Neuro-cognitive disorders.
  • 8 Substance-related and addictive disorders. 8.1 Substance related disorders.

What are the 7 common types of mental disorders? ›

What Are the 7 types of Mental Disorders?
  • Anxiety Disorders.
  • Mood Disorders.
  • Psychotic Disorders.
  • Eating Disorders.
  • Personality Disorders.
  • Dementia.
  • Autism.
6 Apr 2021

What is the most serious type of mental disorder? ›

By all accounts, serious mental illnesses include “schizophrenia-spectrum disorders,” “severe bipolar disorder,” and “severe major depression” as specifically and narrowly defined in DSM. People with those disorders comprise the bulk of those with serious mental illness.

What is MDD confused with? ›

Several psychiatric disorders are commonly misdiagnosed as major depressive disorder (MDD) but may actually be bipolar disorder, pseudobulbar affect disorder (PBA), and post-traumatic depression (PTD), said the NEI chairman.

What tests are required for depression? ›

Below are 7 blood tests we recommend people should ask their doctor if they are suffering from depression:
  • Thyroid hormones. Tests for thyroid function are essential when people present with depression. ...
  • Iron studies. ...
  • Vitamin B12. ...
  • Vitamin D. ...
  • Folate. ...
  • C-reactive protein (CRP) ...
  • Homocysteine (fasting)
5 Sept 2022

Can you test serotonin levels depression? ›

Although it is widely believed that a serotonin deficiency plays a role in depression, there is no way to measure its levels in the living brain.

Do doctors recommend self-diagnosis? ›

Because of the risks, self-diagnosis is officially discouraged by governments, physicians, and patient care organizations. Even physicians are discouraged from engaging in self-diagnosis, because doctors also make mistakes in diagnosing themselves.

What is it called when you constantly diagnose yourself? ›

Illness anxiety disorder, sometimes called hypochondriasis or health anxiety, is worrying excessively that you are or may become seriously ill.

What is it called when you self-diagnose a lot? ›

Factitious disorder symptoms can range from mild (slight exaggeration of symptoms) to severe (previously called Munchausen syndrome). The person may make up symptoms or even tamper with medical tests to convince others that treatment, such as high-risk surgery, is needed.

What percent of self diagnoses are correct? ›

Overall, the software algorithms that the researchers studied listed the correct diagnosis first in 34 percent of cases.

Why do people self-diagnose themselves with depression? ›

Why is self-diagnosis risky? Self-diagnosis implies that the individual understands the subtleties and nuances involved in a complicated mental health disorder like depression. But depression comes in many different subcategories, that all require their own particular method of treatment.

How can I test myself for mental illness? ›

A self-check-in can be as simple as asking yourself, “how am I doing?” You can absolutely ask more specific questions about your sleep or interest in things, but the purpose of it is to take stock of yourself and your state of mind.

What are the 9 types of depression? ›

Types of Depression
  • Major Depression.
  • Persistent Depressive Disorder.
  • Bipolar Disorder.
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
  • Psychotic Depression.
  • Peripartum (Postpartum) Depression.
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
  • 'Situational' Depression.
23 Jun 2021

What are the 9 characteristics of depression? ›

Signs of Depression
  • Hopeless outlook.
  • Lost interest.
  • Fatigue.
  • Anxiety.
  • Irritability in men.
  • Appetite changes.
  • Emotions.
  • Suicidal thoughts.
27 Jun 2017

What are the 3 primary types of depression? ›

Depression can be described as mild, moderate or severe; melancholic or psychotic (see below).
  • Melancholia. This is the term used to describe a severe form of depression where many of the physical symptoms of depression are present. ...
  • Psychotic depression. ...
  • Antenatal and postnatal depression.

What are the 3 main symptoms of depressive disorders? ›

Symptoms
  • Feelings of sadness, tearfulness, emptiness or hopelessness.
  • Angry outbursts, irritability or frustration, even over small matters.
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in most or all normal activities, such as sex, hobbies or sports.
  • Sleep disturbances, including insomnia or sleeping too much.
14 Oct 2022

What are 5 out of the 8 depression DSM-5 diagnostic criteria? ›

DSM-5 Depression Diagnostic Criteria

Change in appetite, losing or gaining weight. Sleeping too much or not sleeping well (insomnia) Fatigue and low energy most days. Feeling worthless, guilty, and hopeless.

What is the most commonly diagnosed form of depression? ›

Major Depressive Disorder, or MDD, is what is meant when most people refer to “clinical depression.” This mood disorder is characterized by a lot of different symptoms, including a depressed mood, lack of interest in hobbies and other activities, fatigue, changes in eating and sleeping habits, problems concentrating, ...

What are the top 5 most common mental disorders? ›

Below are the five most common mental health disorders in America and their related symptoms:
  • Anxiety Disorders. The most common category of mental health disorders in America impacts approximately 40 million adults 18 and older. ...
  • Mood Disorders. ...
  • Psychotic Disorders. ...
  • Dementia. ...
  • Eating disorders.
30 Jan 2020

What are the 8 categories of Mental Disorders? ›

Some of the main groups of mental disorders are:
  • mood disorders (such as depression or bipolar disorder)
  • anxiety disorders.
  • personality disorders.
  • psychotic disorders (such as schizophrenia)
  • eating disorders.
  • trauma-related disorders (such as post-traumatic stress disorder)
  • substance abuse disorders.

What are the 3 most common diagnosed mental illnesses? ›

Of those, the three most common diagnoses are anxiety disorders, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These three conditions make up around 30 percent of all diagnoses of mental illness in America.

What are the 12 major psychological disorders? ›

This page lists some of the more common mental health issues and mental illnesses.
  • Anxiety disorders. ...
  • Behavioural and emotional disorders in children. ...
  • Bipolar affective disorder. ...
  • Depression. ...
  • Dissociation and dissociative disorders. ...
  • Eating disorders. ...
  • Obsessive compulsive disorder. ...
  • Paranoia.

How does DSM 5 classify mental disorders? ›

Instead, the DSM-5 lists categories of disorders along with a number of different related disorders. Example categories in the DSM-5 include anxiety disorders, bipolar and related disorders, depressive disorders, feeding and eating disorders, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders, and personality disorders.

What is the number 1 mental illness? ›

Depression. Impacting an estimated 300 million people, depression is the most-common mental disorder and generally affects women more often than men.

What is the hardest mental illness to have? ›

Why Borderline Personality Disorder is Considered the Most “Difficult” to Treat. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is defined by the National Institute of Health (NIH) as a serious mental disorder marked by a pattern of ongoing instability in moods, behavior, self-image, and functioning.

What is the most treatable mental illness? ›

Depression is among the most treatable of mental disorders. Between 80% and 90% percent of people with depression eventually respond well to treatment.

What is one of the hardest mental illnesses to live with? ›

But in the shadows are a cluster of conditions that continue to face deep discrimination: schizophrenia, psychosis, bipolar disorder, and BPD. BPD in particular is one of the lesser-known mental illnesses, but all the same it is one of the hardest to reckon with.

Is MDD worse than bipolar? ›

Also, bipolar disorder features more phases than does major depressive disorder, including mania, hypomania and depression. But in terms of severity, neither disorder is worse, or better, than the other.

What does MDD with psychotic features look like? ›

MDD with mood-incongruent psychotic features.

Hallucinations and delusions conflict with depression-related emotions. You might hallucinate a loved one, hear voices praising you, or smell something pleasant. You might also believe someone is trying to chase you, kidnap you, or control your thoughts.

What are the 2 key features of a major depressive episode? ›

A major depressive episode (MDE) is characterized by five or more of the following symptoms being present every day, or almost every day, for a minimum of two weeks: Depressed mood for most of the day. Loss of interest or enjoyment in all or most activities.

What is the DSM 5 criteria for depression? ›

Feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt nearly every day. Diminished ability to think or concentrate, or indecisiveness, nearly every day. Recurrent thoughts of death, recurrent suicidal ideation without a specific plan, or a suicide attempt or a specific plan for committing suicide.

Is there a neurological test for depression? ›

The neuropsychological assessment battery for depression from CogniFit helps healthcare professionals detect, diagnose, and intervene in depression.

What are some specifiers from the DSM 5 for depressive disorders? ›

DSM-5 Criteria for Major Depressive Disorder
  • Depressed mood. ...
  • Loss of interest/pleasure. ...
  • Weight loss or gain. ...
  • Insomnia or hypersomnia. ...
  • Psychomotor agitation or retardation. ...
  • Fatigue. ...
  • Feeling worthless or excessive/inappropriate guilt. ...
  • Decreased concentration.

Why do doctors not test serotonin levels? ›

Doctors don't usually perform blood tests to assess serotonin levels because factors other than blood serotonin—such as metabolism, the behavior of serotonin receptors, and hormones—can affect the body's ability to process and use serotonin.

How do I know if I'm low on dopamine or serotonin? ›

What are the signs of a lack of serotonin and dopamine? Deficits in serotonin and dopamine can cause a host of signs and symptoms, including depressed mood, fatigue, lack of motivation, decreased sex drive, and difficulty concentrating.

Can you test for serotonin or dopamine levels? ›

Neurotransmitter tests are done to determine the levels of the most essential neurotransmitters, like serotonin, epinephrine plus glutamate, GABA, norepinephrine, and dopamine.

Is it possible to self diagnose? ›

Self-diagnosis is the process of diagnosing, or identifying, medical conditions in oneself. It may be assisted by medical dictionaries, books, resources on the Internet, past personal experiences, or recognizing symptoms or medical signs of a condition that a family member previously had.

What counts as being diagnosed with depression? ›

Slowed thinking, speaking or body movements. Feelings of worthlessness or guilt, fixating on past failures or self-blame. Trouble thinking, concentrating, making decisions and remembering things. Frequent or recurrent thoughts of death, suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts or suicide.

How do I know if I have some form of depression? ›

Persistent sad, anxious, or “empty” mood. Feelings of hopelessness, or pessimism. Feelings of irritability, frustration, or restlessness. Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness.

Can you scan depression? ›

A PET scan can compare brain activity during periods of depression (left) with normal brain activity (right). An increase of blue and green colors, along with decreased white and yellow areas, shows decreased brain activity due to depression.

What psychiatrists think about self-diagnosis? ›

The first is that diagnosis can only be given by a qualified expert, meaning that self-diagnosis lacks credibility. The second is that self-diagnosis can turn serious psychiatric disorders into mere fashion labels, in such a way that trivialises them. Here, I want to defend self-diagnosis against each of these worries.

What are 4 criteria used to diagnose depression? ›

DSM-5 Depression Diagnostic Criteria

Change in appetite, losing or gaining weight. Sleeping too much or not sleeping well (insomnia) Fatigue and low energy most days. Feeling worthless, guilty, and hopeless.

What do you rule out before diagnosing depression? ›

Five Medical Conditions to Rule Out Before Making a Mental Health Diagnosis
  • Thyroid conditions. Your thyroid can have a big impact on mood, whether the thyroid is underactive (hypothyroidism) or overactive (hyperthyroidism). ...
  • Medications. ...
  • Nutritional deficiencies. ...
  • Celiac disease. ...
  • Previous infections.
27 Dec 2021

What is the most commonly diagnosed depressive disorder? ›

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)

1 Major depressive disorder is a mood disorder characterized by a number of key features: Depressed mood. Lack of interest in activities normally enjoyed.

What is like depression but not depression? ›

Other mental conditions. These include anxiety disorders, conduct disorder, eating disorders, and schizophrenia. Dysthymic disorder. This mood disorder may be less severe than depression, but it lasts longer.

What side of the brain causes depression? ›

Background. In the past, studies on the lateralization of the left and right hemispheres of the brain suggested that depression is dominated by the right hemisphere of the brain, but the neural basis of this theory remains unclear.

Does depression show up on MRI? ›

MRI Scans May Pick Up Brain Abnormalities in People with Depression. In a new study, researchers say MRI scans have detected a biomarker involving the blood-brain barrier in people with major depression. In another study, researchers report that MRIs picked up abnormalities in the brains of people with major depression ...

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Introduction: My name is Golda Nolan II, I am a thoughtful, clever, cute, jolly, brave, powerful, splendid person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.